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We talked about how we were going to discuss futon mattress covers that were not only good for you but also your guests (in case that’s who uses your futon). With all the talk these days of ‘eco’ this and ‘green’ that, we thought it would be a great lead into this article regarding the organic materials that can be used for your or your guest’s bedding. Have you ever heard of all the mites, dust and chemical off-gassing that is happening right under your nose every night? Maybe there are some things to think about the causes of snoring as well. The jury seems to be out in most cases of snoring problems. All that is offered to some people is a snoring mask and a tank of oxygen. Maybe with a cleaner environment, their sinuses and other air passages would not get swollen.
It’s been well established that the contents of many typical brand name and popular ‘traditional’ mattresses contain several different types of chemicals and compounds that will ‘off-gas’, especially when new – which is how most people prefer to buy their mattresses. Now, while futon covers won’t necessarily block this off-gassing as they are fabric and allow gases to come through, they will be a wonderful complement to protect your best organic futon mattress. So, what’s so special about organic covers, sheets, or bedding you might be wondering?
Other Types of Futon Slipcovers Are Available
What makes organic cotton slipcovers so appealing is for their health benefits to you and the guests you care about. You might now want to put one on the in-law’s futon, but that’s your business – hehe. Really, wouldn’t you rather know that just a few inches away from your nose and mouth is a totally safe, organic fabric that won’t irritate or harm you? Whether you use your futon as a couch, lounger, or bed – the benefits of organic are clear. There are other health benefits as well. Because organic cotton is grown without the use of pesticides and such, you can be comfortable knowing that your other ‘resting place’ (ie. planet earth) will not be harmed by such chemicals. Many times, the companies that make and market organic cotton futon covers will also use natural dyes or some stitching to enhance the look even further. Not only that, but many of these companies will also employ fair labor practices by paying fair wages and avoiding sweatshop labor. This is certainly an added bonus – and think, you just thought you were helping yourself with your new organic covers.
Since there are several manufacturers of these futon bed covers, you’ll want to do a little more research before settling on one. Check to make sure that all these qualities exist with the company you choose. Also, if your slipcover has a zipper, brass is the way to go. One more important note: make sure to order the size of your futon cover about 2″ deeper than your futon mattress height to allow for shrinkage that will occur. For example, your futon mattress is 6″ tall, order the 8″ size cover.
How do you care for your organic cotton covers? The recommendations for washing futon covers are to use mild, biodegradable detergents (no bleach) and tumble dry low (remove promptly) – same as you would for any of your other regular cottons.
Finally, what can you expect to pay for one of these organic futon covers? You should check around online because prices do vary greatly. You shouldn’t spend more than a few hundred, depending on the size of your futon mattress.
Futon Mattress Covers To The Rescue!
From the dorm room to the board room. That’s what you could say about the turnaround of the image of the infamous futon mattress. Okay, so maybe not the boardroom, but definitely the bedroom again. What used to be reserved for the sleep weary on a budget has become somewhat of a chic item in many households that can afford the finest Egyptian cotton sheets money can buy. Why do you think this mindset has shifted? Well, you probably already know, that’s how you found yourself here, looking for futon covers. But to many people like you searching, the question remains: what types of futon cover patterns and futon cover fabrics are available?
Because of their ease of use and ability to transform a room in moments by simply changing what you’ve got covering the futon mattress itself. As you continue your search, you will find that there are styles, fabrics, and sizes to fit any futon mattress and any budget. From roughly $30 for basic cotton covers in a simple pattern up to $300 or more for luxurious fabrics and patterns, like leather. Or, as one contestant would say on one of those ‘Project Runway’ seasons ‘letha’. Yes, she was from New York. Yup, can you believe it, leather futon covers!
Whether you’re used to futon slipcovers or not, it will take you about the time it takes to put away your laundry to have your new cover in place. The hard part is picking which one to buy. That’s where this site comes in. We’re dedicated to covering all the angles you can think of. If there is something we’ve missed, stay tuned, because it will show up in a future post here. If it exists in the futon world, it will be discussed here. That’s what is so great about the internet, we’re actually able to have a forum to discuss specific topics like this.
Remember, the internet is a great place to search for cheap futon covers, but that doesn’t mean you will scrimp on quality. In future posts, we’re going to talk about a specific fabric and its pros and cons. It’s not necessarily a discount futon cover, but it isn’t made of gold or silk thread either. If you think you already know what fabric you’re going to go with, hold on! If you are stuck on leather, then we can’t stop you (it is pretty cool) but you’ll get some benefit from reading our next installment. Hint: these futon covers are good for you AND your guests for several reasons.
From your college student’s dorm room to having guests stay with you, futons have found their niche in nearly every culture. They are probably the most versatile piece of furniture in existence today and can be made to fit custom bedrooms sets, living room decor and especially to tie rooms together if you have exposed areas like fitted wardrobes or other custom made furniture. After choosing from a style above you can match that to what kind of functionality you want out of your futon. The better quality will most likely only be suitable for bedding purposes, but that is not to say you can’t find a high-quality cotton futon for other purposes.
One thing is when doubling as a piece of living room furniture it will need to endure lots of folding. Flexibility is key in this regard and a lighter material may be better suited for this purpose. Choose one of the first three varieties above. According to foamglobes.com futon mattress research and guide, foam futons are perfect for this kind of furniture as it retains its shape better while still providing adequate support. Most can be purchased for $300 or less. A futon frame and mattress are often purchased as a set. Another accessory you want to try and include in your purchase is the futon mattress cover. This will help protect your futon mattress from losing its shape and becoming lumpy.
Different Types of Futon Mattresses
Since its popularity in Western civilization, the futon mattress has gone through a myriad of changes and styles, but it originated in the Far East, Japan. It has always been used as bedding but in Japan, the futon was more a thin frameless mat that was placed on Tatami (rice straw) mats and was easily folded up and fit into a closet when not being used. This fits perfectly with the Japanese practice of minimalism, where often the sleeping quarters served as another room as well.
Once the tradition came to Western culture it was adapted to bed frames and made with thicker batting as opposed to the thin two-inch batting formerly used. Eventually, the frames were made to fold over on themselves to double as a sofa frame, further adapting the Japanese minimalist style. Today futon mattresses are made with sophisticated accessories to increase their lifespan, such as futon covers. These prevent moisture from seeping into the cotton causing sagging and lumping.
Most people aren’t aware that when selecting futons, there are several options to choose from other than the standard 100% cotton variety. While cotton futon mattresses are the most affordable, they aren’t the most durable and will require more frequent replacement than other options. The lifespan of a standard cotton design under daily use is about five to seven years. You can prolong this with a high-level maintenance routine but they are somewhat difficult to manage as their soft form makes them hard to maneuver.
Let’s first look at the cotton futon mattress and then we’ll discuss other options.
Futon Mattress Styles
The Cotton Futon Mattress
Bulkier than its Japanese predecessor, this mattress is entirely filled with cotton and has a cotton cover. It’s a firm mattress, but it can still be easily folded over to form a sofa or loveseat. Often it comes with a wooden futon frame that is also easily maneuvered into a sofa or bed position. It is very prone to moisture, especially that from sweat and requires a routine airing out. Flipping and rotating the mattress every few weeks will also prevent lumping from occurring.
Cotton Foam Futon Mattress
This is the most popular of the futon as it holds its form better than 100% cotton futon mattresses and is still relatively inexpensive. The mattress is firm and resilient to shape loss yet still allows for a comfortable sleeping experience. The core is made of several layers of foam and is surrounded by cotton batting. The more foam layers, the softer the mattress will be, the lighter and easier to maneuver and an overall reduction is lumps and sags. The shape will hold for about ten to twelve years before needing to be replaced.
Wool Futon Mattresses
Wool futon mattresses aren’t very common as many people have allergies to wool. Still, they are a natural insulator, making them eco-friendly and best for cool climates. These mattresses also have foam cores as wool doesn’t hold its shape well on its own and also require futon covers as they are incredibly absorbent and will quickly lose their shape. They require as much if not more maintenance than the all cotton futon mattress.
Polyester Foam Futon Mattress
The less cotton used in the bedding the longer it will last and that is very true for synthetic fabrics like foam and polyester. Polyester provides the firmness and support that you want in a futon mattress. It has a foam core with a single layer of cotton around the foam to add softness. Polyester foam futon mattresses can support all body types as they are highly resilient and maintain their shape for a long time and can be as comfortable if not more comfortable than Talalay latex mattresses. The mattress itself is lightweight and very durable for everyday use. When it comes to maintenance, you can expect to need to flip and rotate it every three months.
Futon With Innerspring Mattress
It’s hard to label this as a futon mattress as it resembles a typical box spring mattress. You can get it in any size up to the king, whereas most futon mattresses only come in as large a size as full. Within it are springs encased by several layers of foam? It is not designed to fold up and therefore can only be used for sleeping purposes. This limits its functionality to a futon bed only. It is bulkier than the others and much more expensive. It will last as long as commercial mattresses and requires only light maintenance, including being flipped every six months.
As with most quality products pricing will reflect in the design. But with futons the lesser the quality of materials, the less you want to use it for sleeping. Cotton futons do best as sofas or as guest beds. If you want one as your main sleeping surface, it would be a better investment to go with an innerspring futon mattress. These will cost you more initially but will outlast any cotton variety three times over.
What Makes Futon Mattresses So Comfortable?
There are several words that could sum up the experience sleeping on a futon mattress will afford you. Comfortable is one. Sleep-able, cozy, lulling, the list can go on. Mixed with the right kind of support and materials, the comfort level of a quality futon is unsurpassable. If you get one that can double as a sofa or loveseat then you’ve added functionality to the list of exceptional benefits. The fact that it is easy to maintain is another plus.
You might not think of quality when someone mentions futon. After all, futons are for students and first-time apartment renters, right? Absolutely not. There are several futon mattress manufacturers that produce high-quality futon mattresses that will outlast any contemporary mattress. They can be stylish and fit with any number of furniture styles. The low lying frames and mattresses can compliment the minimalist look as well as fit with any vintage retro chair or other vintage furniture from the 1950′s and 60′s.
Sleep is one of the most important processes in your life. You need quality sleep to function well. Manufacturers make quality futon beds because they want your business. They want you to spread the word about their particular futon frame and mattress and so they are going to manufacture something that will last and afford the comfort of a good night’s sleep.
Each manufacturer will use materials to produce quality sleeping conditions. That is why the cotton futon mattress has gone through so many upgrades and transformations. And while even the highest quality futon bed will be expensive compared to standard cotton batting futons, they will compare favorably to contemporary mattresses.
These traditional mattresses a wide range of materials in their production which also requires large amounts of chemicals to make them flame retardant and sleep safely. However, these chemicals have been related to a number of health issues. Even with a futon mattress cover, the bed is still made with only a handful of materials which don’t require any chemicals.
That is not to say that a particular manufacturer will not use the same chemicals from a standard bed mattress on its contemporary bed futon mattress. You will need to check with each maker to get a better understanding of how theirs is made. You may not find many options in natural materials unless you opt for 100% cotton futon mattresses but there are some in-fill designs made with the eco-friendly consumer in mind.
In-fill simply means materials used in making the mattress. Cotton foam futon mattresses are common in-fill materials. Polyester can be used with foam. There are mattresses made with individually wrapped innerspring as well. These particular mattresses are made for sleeping purposes only, however. Something a little more “natural” would be a cotton wool blend. Wool provides firmness to the mattress as well as a natural insulator. Being a wicker fiber, it will last longer than a cotton only futon with mattress.
How Can I Make My Futon Mattress More Comfortable?
If you have a futon mattress that is fairly old and maybe sagging in and around the middle, you may be able to salvage it enough to get a few more years out of it before it needs replacing. By all means, though, you should never compromise your sleep and waste nights on a mattress that doesn’t provide comfortable sleep, but here is a tip that can help if a discount futon mattress isn’t on the horizon. For one, you can try to dry out your current mattress by putting it outside in the sun for a few hours on each side. Sometimes the cotton batting inside the mattress absorbs moisture; this causes lumping and sagging to occur. Taking a moment to air dry it in the sun can bring your futon back to life.
Other than that you can look at discount stores for some affordable futon mattresses. Many of these stores carry Tempur-Pedic and pillow-top futon mattress pads that can be laid on top of your mattress to “fluff” it up. This is an economical way to save money while still getting the comfort you need from your futon mattress at night.
The 6th District Court of Appeal issued the attached decision, Federal Insurance Company v. MBL, Inc., which provides the liability insurance industry with new ammunition to defeat the right of policyholders to hire independent “Cumis” counsel. In MBL, issued on Aug. 26, 2013, the insured was a supplier of dry cleaning products that had been sued for contribution under CERCLA for a soil and groundwater cleanup in the City of Modesto. The contamination at issue was traced back to a dry cleaning facility. After MBL tendered the matter for coverage, MBL’s insurers reserved rights and appointed counsel. MBL demanded independent counsel pursuant to California Civil Code Section 2860, arguing that the insurer’s reservation of rights created a conflict of interest for the appointed defense lawyer.
The trial court granted summary judgment to the insurers, finding there was no “actual” conflict of interest, as required to trigger a right to independent counsel. The Court of Appeal affirmed, holding that there is no right to independent counsel based on a “general reservation of rights,” or based on any of the following specific facts and reservations:
1. A reservation of rights based on whether the insured’s liability for pollution arose out of a government directive or request, which would bar coverage under an absolute pollution exclusion. The Court held that appointed counsel cannot influence the outcome of that issue, so there is no conflict of interest triggering a right to independent counsel.
2. A reservation of rights to deny coverage for damages outside of the policy period. The Court held that, when the coverage issue in question relates only to the timing of damages, there is no conflict triggering a right to independent counsel. This is a very broad holding that could extend to a variety of contexts outside of the pollution context.
3. The insurer’s separate defense of third party defendants who the insured had sued for contribution. The Court held that the insured failed to present evidence showing any “actual,” as opposed to “theoretical,” conflict of interest, and, since the insurers would have to indemnify the totality of loss among such parties, the insurers had no incentive to shift the loss from one insured to another.
The MBL decision, if allowed to stand, demonstrates that courts will demand actual and specific evidence of an insurance defense lawyer’s conflict of interest before approving the right to independent counsel. For that reason, the decision should not be perceived as simply limited to the environmental context. Letters to insurance carriers demanding independent counsel in any context should keep this decision in mind, and should specifically describe any conflict of interest triggered by a carrier reservation of rights which triggers the duty to provide independent counsel.
Creating energy from scrap and waste is not a new concept. Scrap wood, landfill gas, farm waste, and other “biomass” have all been used in the past to create electricity in California. For a number of reasons, such “bioenergy” projects have not yet become a mainstay of California’s energy portfolio. However, with technological advances and laws aimed at curbing climate change, bioenergy promises to become a prominent feature in California’s energy market.
“Digesters” have become a particularly promising form of bioenergy. Such facilities capture or digest “biogas,” such as methane, from animal manure and waste, and then use that captured gas to create electricity. Like other forms of bioenergy, such as scrap wood burning plants, digester projects are not new. In the past, digester technology was fairly crude and the production resulted in high levels of air emissions such as nitrogen oxide (NOx). However, a variety of new technologies — many of which are already employed successfully around the globe — have emerged to make the capture and use of waste materials more efficient with fewer air emissions.
Such biogas projects help reduce greenhouse gases by capturing methane that would otherwise have escaped into the atmosphere. Moreover, the animal waste, a renewable energy source, is an alternative to fossil fuels. And, with the new technology, electricity can be created that complies with air pollution laws and reduces the level of emissions that would have resulted from decomposition of the animal waste.
- We have the tools to reduce emissions and create electricity through biogas digester technology.
- And we certainly have the agriculture to support a proliferation of digester projects.
But do we have the law and policy get these projects off the ground?
The answer is decidedly “yes.”
For example, we have a renewable portfolio standard that requires the State of California to obtain 33 percent of its electricity from renewable energy sources by 2020, and a goal to obtain 12,000 megawatts (MW) of our electricity supply from distributed energy. Further, digester projects that result in emissions reductions can generate “carbon offsets” to be sold on the market for use by companies in meeting their compliance obligations under the cap-and-trade program.
Other policies have been enacted to specially advance bioenergy projects. For example, in 2006 then Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger issued Executive Order S-06-06 to start the bureaucratic wheels in motion to advance bioenergy by, among other things, setting a goal to obtain 20 percent of renewable electricity in California from biomass resources, creating an interagency bioenergy working group, and requiring a number of California agencies to initiate proceedings to encourage expanded supply of bioenergy. In 2012, Gov. Jerry Brown furthered his predecessor’s goal with a Bioenergy Action Plan that sets forth action items to expand research and development of bioenergy facilities, reduce permitting and regulatory challenges, and address economic barriers to bioenergy development. In 2012, California also passed SB 1122, which requires utilities to obtain 250 MW from bioenergy sources three MW and smaller.
State agencies and localities have also started taking action to promote and streamline bioenergy by, for example, developing programmatic environmental impact reports (EIRs) and making public funds available for projects. Several utilities have also advanced bioenergy by setting up programs to help with permitting and funding, and developing standard contracts for power purchase from bioenergy projects.
In sum, we have the policies in place in California to create the perfect storm for a surge in biogas digesters.
There’s just one sticking point: It’s been a while since a biogas digester project was successfully developed — from soup to nuts — in California. And with laws such as the California Environmental Qualiy Act (CEQA) and agencies such as the California Air Resources Board (CARB), the biogas industry is understandably worried about successfully cutting all of the red tape necessary to start operating here in California. For example, as reported by a recent Los Angeles Times article, after a number of digester projects failed in decades past, it’s been difficult to regain dairy’s confidence.
In the end, all of the components necessary to create a renaissance of biogas digester projects are present here in California. All we need now is for the regulators to give the final signals to farmers, investors, clean-tech companies, and other stakeholders so that California is seen as a low-risk market and the second wave of digesters can take hold to help California meet its laudable environmental goals.
MAZDA RX-8 FACELIFT 2011 Car reviews, Specs And Prices, what car reviews, A head of its Tokyo Auto Salon debut, Mazda have released an image of their facelifted RX-8 RS, an uprated JDM model. While the RS is a JDM only proposition, its styling will be shared by the facelifted RX-8.
Essentially, the facelift is a basic refresh of the styling with the bolt on bits getting a bit of a tweak. The front bar is sharper in its styling and features larger air-intakes, new driving lights and a splitter.
New and larger front grille and oil cooling openings for a stronger front end design
New designs for headlamps, front fenders, rear LED lamps
New design rear bumper with larger exhaust pipes
New wheel designs with spokes in rotor look
Four new exterior colours
Sport Pack (standard, new to RX-8): Integrated front spoiler, side spoilers, floating-type rear spoiler for reduced lift
New dark grey, extra lightweight, forged 19-inch alloy wheels
Improved levels of quality craftsmanship
New centre console design
New variable red-zone tachometer
New instrument cluster colour for minimised eye strain
New steering wheel design
New front passenger seat tip and slide functionality for easier access to rear seats
Sport Pack (standard, new to RX-8)
The RX-8 facelift rotary engine delivers 170 kW/231 PS at 8,200 rpm and 211 Nm of torque at 5,500 rpm. It accelerates the RX-8 facelift from 0 to 100 km/h in 6.4 seconds and allows a top speed of 234 km/h.
The RENESIS engine of the RX-8 facelift is evolved to deliver even more sports car performance and driving fun – an attribute that Mazda`s sports icon has always possessed. Drive shaft torsional rigidity of the RX-8 facelift is improved by approximately 30 percent. Combined with the car`s high-mount backbone frame at the top of the transmission tunnel, this improves driving performance and reduces NVH. The differential gear ratio is lowered for the facelift version from 4.444 to 4.777 for improved performance feel, and the RENESIS rotary engine`s acclaimed smoothness and cultivation is enhanced by the introduction of a two knock sensor system, a first for Mazda, which detects and prevents knock better.
Active and passive safety always has top priority at Mazda and the RX-8 facelift is no exception. It comes with 323 mm ventilated front discs and 302 mm ventilated rear discs. ABS, traction control and DSC systems (disconnectable) are standard equipment. Still onboard is the limited slip differential, which automatically distributes the power between the rear wheels and ensures best possible acceleration and traction.
The RX-8 facelift continues to feature the front-midship engine, rear-wheel drive configuration of the original, delivering an ideal 50/50 weight distribution between the front and rear axles for fantastic handling characteristics. This acclaimed attribute is taken to a new level with improved overall body shell rigidity, steering feel and handling stability.
Body shell rigidity was further improved with a trapezoidal strut tower bar added at the front to enhance local rigidity of the front suspension tower areas. Together with other local rigidity enhancements, torsional (twisting) rigidity was improved by 5.4 percent and flexural (bending) rigidity by 8.7 percent.
Steering feel is further improved and more linear as well, with an enhancement of the main bar joint of the instrument panel for more rigidity of the steering mount area, and the addition of a new front suspension cross member filled with urethane foam for optimal ride comfort.
Overall driving stability is also increased with a reconfiguration of the rear suspension geometry and by increasing the size of the upper lateral link`s joint section by 7.5 mm for better control of toe-out change at rebound.
Mazda Rx-8 prices starting at a price of approximately $ 26.795
Mazda Rx-8 Facelift Basic Specs :
Drivetrain : Rear Wheel Drive
Curb Weight (lbs) : 3065
City (MPG) : 16
Hwy (MPG): 22
Horsepower : 232@8500
Torque (lb-ft) : 159@5500
Wheelbase : 106.4
Length (in.) : 175.6
Width (in.) : 69.7
Height (in.) : 52.8
Global automobile manufacturers compete produce fuel-efficient cars. Such as Mazda continues to do a refresher on each model with SKYACTIV tech machine is fuel efficient.
SKYACTIV technology already applied in the Mazda2 is now applied to the Mazda Axela, or Mazda3 is called. to satisfy consumers the Japanese automaker is launching a new Mazda3 models that carry the fuel-efficient SKYACTIV oil
The model is currently being produced at the factory Mazda Hofu Plant in Yamaguchi prefecture, Japan. The first model Mazda3 using 2,000 cc engine with direct injection SKYACTIV SKYACTIV-drive 6-speed automatic.
SKYACTIV Mazda3 cars offer a different flavor of driving the car class by offering performance yet fuel-efficient.
In Japan, the Mazda3 has been carrying the “intelligent-Drive Master (i-DM)”. These features are exactly the same as that used on cars or Mazda2 Demio in Japan. Besides fuel economy, Mazda is already using these features are very giving of driving pleasure and comfort for passengers.
Mazda3 one of Mazda’s sales milestone, at least one third of the car carry the company’s global sales of Mazda. With the presence SKYACTIV Mazda3 engine, the more models that carry the Mazda engine SKYACTIV tech smart.
Mazda CX-9 Price, Review & Picture
Mazda CX-9 Price, Review & Picture – New Car Reviews, For 2011 the CX-9 gets chrome interior accents, new seat fibers, and softer leathers, There is also a redesigned rear climate control console, refreshed keyless entry and start system, a 4.3-inch LCD, and two-stage heated seats (standard on Touring and Grand Touring, optional on Sport). A back-up camera is available for the first time in 2011.
The 2011 Mazda CX-9 crossover SUV is a big competitor in its segment. The vehicle has three rows and it now enters its fourth year in production. The CX-9 has already established a great reputation and image. Now, it is offered with enhancements to its exterior and interior packaging too so it is even more appealing.
The CX-9 was awarded the Car of the Year Award in 2008 by Motor Trend. At present, there really is no offering that competes with the CX-9. This seven seater hosts a large cargo area with 17.6 cubic feet of space. It handles rough and smooth terrain, it is easy to handle, and manages all road conditions with ease. The cabin has plenty of niceties for entertainment and comfort. It has a refined handling despite its larger size as well.
The iconic smiling grille on the CX-9 makes this vehicle aerodynamic. Exterior enhances include the addition of rear garnishments, rear lamps, and mew mirrors. The 2011 offering is offered with a Dolphin Gray exterior too. Overall, the CX-9 has an exceptional package and price.
Designers hoped to achieve a “sophisticated appearance” with the CX-9′s redesign. A thick chrome bar makes the front grille pop, while the flowing profile, raked windshield, and muscular corners evoke an attractive sports car like attitude.
Three zone climate control, power windows, and plenty of rear under storage come standard on the CX-9. Leather wrapped steering wheel, shift knob, and center armrest, as well as Bluetooth connectivity are also included. How does 100.7 cubic-feet of cargo room (with both second and third rows folded) sound?
The 2010 CX-9′s 3.7-liter V-6 makes 263 horsepower and 270 pound-feet of torque. It’s a fun big ride thanks to the fully independent suspension fore and aft. If towing or soft-roading is your thing, go with the all-wheel drive setup that’s capable of sending as much as 50 of torque to the rear rubber when the situation warrants.
Driver and passenger dual front, side, and side curtain airbags come standard on the CX-9. Dynamic stability control and traction control help to keep all four wheels planted. On Grand Touring models, there’s also an available blind spot monitoring system.
Engines: 3.7L V-6
Transmissions: 6-speed automatic
Models: Sport, Touring, Grand Touring
EPA Fuel Economy
FWD: 16 mpg city/22 mpg highway
AWD: 15 mpg city/21 mpg highway
Price : $28,805 – $34,215
2012 Mazda 5 Price, Review, Specs, what car reviews, The Mazda5 is redesigned for 2012 with a more expressive exterior design. The Mazda5 debuted for the 2006 model year as a new type of small car from Mazda with a blend of style and functionality that combines the dimensions of a compact with available seating for six. For 2008 the Mazda5 received exterior styling updates, a 5-speed automatic transmission, rear air vents, and improved fuel economy. The Mazda5 shares underbody architecture, suspension design and components with the Mazda3 in a unique wedge-shaped body that features two sliding doors and a low floor. Inside, the Mazda5 features three rows of theater-style seating with slide and recline adjustments for the second row. The second- and third-row seats fold to create a nearly flat cargo floor.
Body Styles, Trim Levels, and Options
The 2012 Mazda 5 is a three-row, six-passenger compact minivan available in three trim levels: Sport, Touring and Grand Touring. The base Sport comes standard with 16-inch alloy wheels, full power accessories, keyless entry, cruise control, automatic climate control (with rear vents and fan controls), a height-adjustable driver seat, a tilt-and-telescoping steering wheel and a six-speaker sound system with a CD player and an auxiliary audio jack.
The 5 Touring adds 17-inch alloy wheels, foglights, a rear spoiler, a leather-wrapped steering wheel, a trip computer and Bluetooth. For the Touring, the optional Moonroof & Audio package adds a sunroof, satellite radio and a six-CD changer. This package is standard on the 5 Grand Touring, which also gets automatic xenon headlights, heated mirrors, automatic wipers, driver lumbar adjustment, heated front seats and leather upholstery.
There are a number of dealer-installed extras that will be available later in the model year, including remote ignition, an iPod interface, a Garmin portable navigation system and a DVD entertainment system.
Powertrains and Performance
Every 2012 Mazda 5 is powered by a 2.5-liter four-cylinder that produces 157 horsepower and 163 pound-feet of torque. A six-speed manual is standard on the Sport, while a five-speed automatic is optional on the Sport and standard on everything else. In Edmunds performance testing, a 5 Grand Touring went from zero to 60 mph in 9.5 seconds — slower than most typical minivans and many compact SUVs. With either transmission, fuel economy is estimated at 21 mpg city/28 highway.
Every Mazda 5 comes with standard stability and traction control, four-wheel antilock disc brakes with brake assist, front side airbags and side curtain airbags. In Edmunds brake testing, the 5 came to a stop from 60 mph in 130 feet — a few feet longer than average.
Interior Design and Special Features
While the 5 is obviously smaller than the typical minivan, it still packs plenty of interior versatility. The comfortable second-row captain’s chairs slide and recline, and the passenger-side seat features a nifty pop-up center table and storage space that can be fitted between the chairs (and later stowed away, creating a walk-through channel to the third row). The third row is big enough for kids and is easier to get into than every crossover third row we can think of. At the same time, the sliding rear doors mean easy access, particularly in parking lots.
Up front, the new 5′s dash layout has remained largely the same, and the overall look is sleeker now. All of the controls are easy to reach and use, and that helps the 5 feel much more like a regular car from behind the wheel. The front seats provide respectable comfort, though taller folks may wish for more rearward seat travel.
If you want some added utility but don’t want to give up the agility and urban maneuverability of car, the 2012 Mazda 5 is an excellent choice. Acceleration is slightly pokey (especially on hilly terrain), but the 5′s handling is excellent. On winding roads, the 5 rewards the driver with precise steering and controlled body motions. Passengers riding with an enthusiastic driver will also appreciate a retuned suspension that helps keep them from sliding and swaying in their seats. On the Edmunds test track, the 5 nearly matched the handling numbers of the much smaller Mazda 2. Quite simply, the 5 is fun to drive, something we can’t say about any other regular minivan.
2012 Mazda 5 Price :
MSRP range : $19,345 – $24,025
Invoice price range : $18,116 – $22,495
2012 Mazda 5 Specs :
Type : MiniVan
Passengers : 6
Doors : 5
Gas Mileage : 6.8 L/100 KM
Engine : 2.5L L4 DOHC 16-valve
HP (hp@rpm) : 157 @ 6000
Torque (lb.ft@rpm) : 163 @ 4000
Drivetrain : Front-wheel drive
Transmission : 6 speed automatic
Opt. Transmission #1 : 5 speed automatic
Brakes : 4-wheel disc
Bodystyle : MiniVan
Length (mm) : 4 585
Width (mm) : 1 750
Height (mm) : 1 615
Wheelbase (mm) : 2 750
It seems like every car in the world has an interior key / button to open the door, close the window automatically opens / closes. In the Mazda2, this button on the center stack, in front cupholders and to the right parking brake. It’s an odd place for it, and even after months of pushing ’2.
Another thing I’ve seen over the road noise at speeds above 60 mph. It’s not hard, but it’s far from quiet, and long trips the hum becomes annoying. On the other hand, the Touring trim seats firm and supportive, and suppressing her tiny holes and bumps.
Mazda 2 is highly regrettable to lose the spirit of how quickly the machine on tilt. This is almost instantaneous. On flat land, shifted to the first is still jerky, and I hope there are sixth gear. But I love the overall agility, and have been caught thanks to the parking lot with a radius of 16 feet, 1-inch rotating.
2011 Mazda MX-5 Review & Price
2011 Mazda MX-5 Review & Price, Total production of Mazda Motor Corporation’s MX-5 sports car (known as the Mazda Roadster in Japan) reached 900,000 units on February 4, 2011. This significant milestone was achieved 21 years and 10 months after mass production of the first-generation MX-5 commenced in April 1989. The MX-5 was initially certified by Guinness World Records as the world’s “Best selling two-seater sports car” when production reached 531,890 units in May 2000. Guinness updated the record when production passed 700,000 and, later, 800,000 units. Currently, Mazda is reapplying to Guinness World Records to have the record updated to 900,000 units.
During the 1960s and 1970s, numerous lightweight and fun-to-drive sports cars offered nimble handling and free-spirited open-air motoring. In the 1980s, Mazda decided to resurrect this spirit with a new roadster for the modern age. Using the latest engineering techniques, Mazda developed the MX-5 and announced it in February 1989 as a reminder that driving could still be fun despite ever-stricter safety and quality standards. To this day, the MX-5 remains the longest enduring nameplate in Mazda’s global lineup.
Nobuhiro Yamamoto, program manager of the current MX-5, said, “Since Mazda launched the original MX-5, it has undergone two complete product redesigns and a series of upgrades. Its enduring success is due to the strong support it enjoys from MX-5 fans around the world. Going forward, I will strive to keep the MX-5′s spirit alive while evolving it into a car that will be loved by even more people.”
Mazda’s senior managing executive officer in charge of development, Seita Kanai, said, “More than 20 years have passed since the first-generation Mazda MX-5 was born. During this time, society and vehicles themselves have changed significantly. Responding to environmental issues and the depletion of the Earth’s natural resources has become increasingly important for all automakers. As part of its environmental efforts, Mazda announced its new SKYACTIV technologies last year. Currently, we are pushing forward with development of future products that will incorporate these technologies. Many of the elements that go into our SKYACTIV technologies, such as comprehensive weight reduction, grew from the long years of development work that have gone into the MX-5. Indeed, the guiding principle behind the SKYACTIV technologies – to build cars that are fun to drive – is perfectly embodied by the MX-5.”
“As we head toward the next production milestone of one million units,” Kanai continued, “Mazda is committed to further evolving the MX-5. We will refine its fun-to-drive character and further enhance its environmental and safety capabilities. As Mazda passes its 91st birthday, we are turning our sights toward our 100th anniversary. In the years ahead, we will continue to cherish the MX-5, alongside its loyal fan base, as the symbol of the Mazda brand.”
Mitsubishi Galant Price, Review, Specs, what car reviews, In the 1980s the Mitsubishi Galant was known for its sporty dynamic in both styling and ride. Unfortunately, for most of the past two decades, the Galant has spiraled downward. The current-generation Galant was introduced in 2004, and perhaps the Galant misplaced the memo about it being 2012, because styling hasn’t progressed much since then.
Considering that we’re now on our third Toyota Camry since the current Galant was introduced, it’s not surprising that Mitsubishi’s delay in updating the Galant’s style has translated into low sales figures, and it’s not on many shopping lists these days. A meek 2.4-liter inline-4 engine offers a back-of-the-pack 160 horsepower, and its ancient four-speed automatic transmission isn’t helping the Galant’s case either
Sassy Styling, Both Inside and Out
With its crisp, neatly folded exterior sheetmetal and pleasing proportions, the handsome 2011 Mitsubishi Galant mid-size luxury sports sedan certainly stands apart from other vehicles in its class.
Notable in its good-looking design is its prominent front fascia which features a very bold-looking silver painted mesh grille. Squared-off headlights that contain a smaller pair of lamps stacked one on top of the other at the outer edges are also a styling tour de force. The prominent creases along the hood give the design a brawny look. Without question, the front end styling of this sedan is truly unlike any other.
A futuristic-looking yet elegant “cat’s eye” taillight design and a sporty trunk lid-mounted lip spoiler (the latter element included on the Galant SE with Leather package) can’t help but please the discerning eye.
Front and center inside the Galant’s warm-looking interior is the tall center console waterfall that is done up in a handsome silver finish, its controls a thoughtful blend of knobs and buttons that never overwhelm the senses both visually and in functionality. Perched atop the center stack in the Galant SE is a very intuitive, 7-in. touch-screen DVD-based navigation system; a convenient rear backup camera system is also included. A chrome shift lever gate and thin strips of silver-colored trim that line the gauge faces and lay horizontally across the dashboard top off a rich-looking interior design deserving of a vehicle that should cost thousands of dollars more than the Galant’s very attainable price point.
Fuel-Efficient 2.4-Liter Engine
All 2011 Mitsubishi Galant models are powered by a venerable 2.4-liter, 16-valve SOHC inline-4-cylinder engine that features Mitsubishi Innovative Valve timing Electronic Control (MIVEC) for improved power production, fuel economy and lower emissions. This engine produces 160 horsepower at 5,500 rpm and 157 lb.-ft. of torque at 4,000 rpm. A variation of this powerplant that has been certified as a Partial Zero-Emissions Vehicle (PZEV) is available for sale in California, Maine, Massachusetts, New York and Vermont and produces slightly less horsepower with a rating of 155 bhp. A 4-speed Sportronic® automatic transmission that gives the driver the option of manually shifting gears when desired is standard equipment.
This quiet and efficient powertrain not only produces outstanding fuel economy with a highway rating of 30 mpg but also saves its owner additional money at the pump as this engine runs on regular-grade unleaded fuel.
Chassis: Smooth Operator
Thanks to the Galant’s rigid chassis and ideally-placed sound insulation, occupants are treated to a hushed ride from a well-engineered platform that keeps sound intrusion to a minimum. Thoughtful design can also be found in the car’s independent suspension – a MacPherson strut configuration with coil springs that reside in a sub-frame up front and a low-mount multi-link setup in the rear of the vehicle – allowing for supple suspension damping that soaks up road irregularities with aplomb along with providing responsive handling.
Mitsubishi Galant Specs and Price :
4dr Sdn ES
• Transmission: Automatic
• Drivetrain: Front Wheel Drive
• MPG: 21 City / 30 Hwy
• Engine: Gas I4 2.4L/145
• Horsepower: 160 @ 5500
• Torque: 157 @ 4000 2.4L/145
• MSRP: $21,899
• Invoice: $20,975
• Nat’l Avg. Paid: $22,322
4dr Sdn SE Transmission: Automatic
• Drivetrain: Front Wheel Drive
• MPG: 21 City / 30 Hwy
• Engine: Gas I4 2.4L/145
• Horsepower: 160 @ 5500
• Torque: 157 @ 4000 2.4L/145
• MSRP: $24,299
• Invoice: $23,273
• Nat’l Avg. Paid: $24,689